Creating a Custom Data Field Control - Part 2
page 3 of 6
by Brian Mains
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Added Functionality

The code below shows the actual implementation of the BaseSingleDataField class, which handles some of the basic functionality when interacting with a single and simple interface data field.  First, the control's interface is created in the InitializeCell method. This method makes the determination based on the current cell type, whether in read-only mode or in edit/insert mode.  Take a look below.

Listing 5

public override void InitializeCell(DataControlFieldCell cell,
  DataControlCellType cellType, DataControlRowState rowState, int rowIndex)
  base.InitializeCell(cell, cellType, rowState, rowIndex);
  Control control = null;
  if (cellType == DataControlCellType.DataCell)
    if (this.IsReadMode(rowState))
      control = cell;
      if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.GetDataItemFieldName(rowState)))
        control = cell.Controls[0];
    if (control != null && this.Visible)
      control.DataBinding += new EventHandler(control_DataBinding);

At the beginning of this method is a reference to a control variable. If in read-only mode, this variable then snags the reference to the table cell (which the value is entered directly into the cell).  If in edit or insert mode, the SetupEditControl method creates a control that will represent the edit/insert interface for the underlying data item.

At the end, if a control reference was successfully created and this field is visible, the control creates an event handler for data binding. The purpose of tapping into this event is to perform the binding to the actual control. If in read-only mode, the sender control reference will be the table cell; otherwise, it will match the edited control returned from SetupEditControl.

Listing 6

void control_DataBinding(object sender, EventArgs e)
  if (sender is TableCell)
    TableCell cell = sender as TableCell;
    cell.Text = this.GetReadOnlyValue(this.GetDataItemValue
      (cell.NamingContainer, this.GetDataItemFieldName
    this.BindEditControl(sender, this.InsertMode);

Note that this method uses certain primitive base class methods, notably the GetReadOnlyValue, GetDataItemValue, and the GetDataItemFieldName methods. You can find these in the code sample attached. The next method extracts the values back out of the interface controls, and adds it to the dictionary.

In the GridView and DetailsView controls, a dictionary contains the field names and their corresponding values. When updating, both the old and new values are tracked, and insertions only track the new values. These dictionaries store the values that the data source control can utilize. Below is the method to get the value from the editing control and add it to the dictionary.

Listing 7

public override void ExtractValuesFromCell(IOrderedDictionary dictionary,
  DataControlFieldCell cell, DataControlRowState rowState, bool includeReadOnly)
  base.ExtractValuesFromCell(dictionary, cell, rowState, includeReadOnly);
  string value = null;
  if (cell.Controls.Count > 0)
    value = this.GetEditControlValue(cell);
  string dataField = this.GetDataItemFieldName();
  if (dictionary.Contains(dataField))
    dictionary[dataField] = value;
    dictionary.Add(dataField, value);

If you look at the code sample, the code to add/insert the item in the dictionary has been extracted to an AddDictionaryEntry method.

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User Comments

Title: Article   
Name: bhaskar
Date: 2008-08-30 6:23:21 AM

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