Client Application Services - Part 3
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by Bilal Haidar
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Running in Offline mode

Client Application Services provides you with the means to allow your application to run in an offline mode. What happens then is that, if the user has to be authenticated or authorized or even access Web user settings, all of this will be done locally.

You configure your client application to cache user related information locally. Once the application starts and the user is authenticated successfully, a local authentication cookie is created and the user password and roles are all hashed and stored locally. If the user now decides to turn the application to the Offline mode, successive requests to load roles or access Web user settings will be authenticated and authorized against the local hashed copy of the credentials stored.

To prepare the application to store user related information locally, you should first click on the Advanced button located to the bottom-right corner of the Services tab. A popup window pops up and is shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3: Advanced window

As mentioned previously, to prepare the application for Offline mode, you should check the option that says Save password hash locally to enable offline login. This is very important to check incase the application is to run in an Offline mode.

Another important option is the Role service cache timeout which you should set for a long time incase you are planning to run the application in an offline mode. If the user roles are changing most of the time, it is recommended to set this value to a small one.

Finally, you have the choice in where to store the user related information locally. With the configuration above, when the user logs in to the application, a new SQL Server Compact Edition 2.5 will be created for this specific user which stores inside it all the user related information.

If you leave User custom connection string unchecked, the client application will store the authentication cookie together with the hashed roles and passwords locally on the hard disk as XML files.

You can also specify a connection string to a normal SQL Server database. This way, the user related data will be stored inside a normal SQL Server database. Before doing so, you need to configure your database by adding several data tables. The TSQL script for those tables is as follows.

Listing 5

CREATE TABLE ApplicationProperties (PropertyName nvarchar(256),
    PropertyValue nvarchar(256))
CREATE TABLE UserProperties (PropertyName nvarchar(256),
    PropertyValue nvarchar(256))
CREATE TABLE Roles (UserName nvarchar(256), 
    RoleName nvarchar(256))
CREATE TABLE Settings (PropertyName nvarchar(256), 
    PropertyStoredAs nvarchar(1), PropertyValue nvarchar(2048))

The above script adds several tables that are used to store the user’s related data when the application is configured to store locally the roles and hashed passwords so that the application can be run in an Offline mode.

Back to the main application, we have added a checkbox to allow the user to put the application in the Offline mode or back to the live mode. Once the selection changes, we are handling that inside the code as follows.

Listing 6

private void checkBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  // Set the IsOffline property on the ConnectivityStatus
  ConnectivityStatus.IsOffline = this.chkWorkOffline.Checked;
  if (!ConnectivityStatus.IsOffline)
      // Revalidate the user silently
      ClientFormsIdentity user = (ClientFormsIdentity)
    catch (System.Net.WebException)
      MessageBox.Show("Unable to access the authentication service. " +
        Environment.NewLine + "Application will be kept in offline mode.",
        "Warning", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
      this.chkWorkOffline.Checked = true;

First of all, the code sets the ConnectivityStatus.IsOffline property to the state of the Work Offline checkbox. This is an important step to do to inform the Client Application Services that the application is now running in an Offline mode.

If the user unchecks the Work Offline checkbox, the code first revalidates the user silently using the locally stored user information. Once the user is successfully authenticated, Web user settings are saved back to the remote Profile service incase the user has changed any of the Web user settings while the application was offline and also, the local Web user settings’ values are refreshed from the remote Profile service incase someone else from another application has changed any of the values.

The final main application form is shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4: Main application form

As you can see, the welcome message is showing on the left side of the form together with the authentication type and the list of roles the user belongs to.

In addition, the Back_Color Web user setting is used to configure the background color of the main application form, the LastLoginData Web user setting is displayed on the top right of the form, together with the checkbox to allow the user to run the application in the offline mode, and finally, a textbox that is used in case the user wants to change the value of the Back_Color Web user settings.


If you look at Figure 4 above, you will notice a button to the bottom-right corner of the main application form called Logout. This button is mainly used to allow the user to logout from the application. Logging out from the application causes the authentication cookie stored locally to be deleted. The code behind this button is as follows.

Listing 7

private void btnLogout_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  // Save the Web settings first
  // Get an instance of the ClientFormsAuthenticationMembershipProvider
  // to use the Logout function which is not present on Membership.Provider
  ClientFormsAuthenticationMembershipProvider clientFormAuthProvider =
  catch (System.Net.WebException ex)
    MessageBox.Show("Unable to access the authentication service." +
      Environment.NewLine + "Logging off locally only.""Warning",
      MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
    ConnectivityStatus.IsOffline = true;
    ConnectivityStatus.IsOffline = false;

The Web user settings are saved back to the remote Profile service. Then an instance of the ClientFormsAuthenticationMembershipProvider is retrieved from the Membership.Provider in order to call the Logout method on the ClientFormsAuthenticationMembershipProvider instance. If the remote authentication service is not available, the code puts the application in the Offline mode, logs the user out from the Offline mode, and turns off the Offline mode. This way, when the user tries to re-connect to the application later, the application would required to authenticate the user against the live connection and not against any locally stored user related data.

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