Testing Controllers in ASP.NET MVC
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by Manning Publications
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Elements of a Good Controller Unit Test

If you are just getting started with unit testing you might run into some common pitfalls and get a sour taste in your mouth. Again, this is not meant to be an entire course on testing. There are already entire books on that. This is specifically regarding writing unit tests for controller classes. We write so heavily on testing controller classes because test-driving the controllers ensures they have a good and proper design. It is nearly impossible to test-drive code that ends up with a bad design. Code with bad design tends not to be testable at all, so it is a very objective gauge. A good controller unit test will run very fast. We are talking 2000 unit tests all running within ten seconds. You might wonder how that is possible. It is possible because .Net code runs very fast, and if you are running unit tests, you are only waiting on the processor and RAM. Unit tests run code only within the AppDomain, so we do not have to deal with crossing AppDomain or Process boundaries. You can quickly sabotage this fast test performance if you break a fundamental run of unit testing, and that is allowing out-of-process calls. Out-of-process calls are orders of magnitude slower than in-process calls, and your test performance will suffer. Ensure that you are faking out all controller dependencies, and your test will continue to run very fast.

You also want your unit tests to be self-sufficient and isolated. You might see repeated code and think you need to refactor your unit tests. Resist this temptation and only create test helpers for the cross-cutting concerns. The DRY principle (Don’t Repeat Yourself) does not apply to test code as much as it does to production code. Rather, keeping test cases isolated and self-contained reduces the change burden when the production code needs to change. It is also more readable if you can scan a unit test and see the context all in one method.

The tests should also be repeatable. That means no shared global variables for test result state, and no shared state between tests in general. Keep a unit test isolated in every way, and it will be repeatable, order-independent and stable.

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