ASP.NET 4.0 and the Entity Framework 4 - Part 4 - A 3 Layered Approach to the Entity Framework
page 2 of 10
by Vince Varallo
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Step 1: Create the Database

To keep things simple create a database in SQL Server 2008 called OrderSystem and add a single table called UserAccounts to the database. The fields for this table are shown in the following diagram.

The Id field should be marked as an Identity field and also the Primary Key.  All access to the table will be done with stored procedures.  Add the following stored procedures to the OrderSystem Database.

1.    The UserAccounts_SelectAll procedure returns a resultset containing all the records in the UserAccounts table.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[UserAccounts_SelectAll] 
AS
    SET NOCOUNT ON
 
    SELECT Id, FirstName, LastName, AuditFields_InsertDate, AuditFields_UpdateDate
      FROM UserAccounts
 
    RETURN

2.    The UserAccounts_SelectById procedure returns a single record from the UserAccounts table given a specific Id.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[UserAccounts_SelectById]      
(
    @Id int 
)
 
AS
    SET NOCOUNT ON 
 
    SELECT Id, FirstName, LastName, AuditFields_InsertDate, AuditFields_UpdateDate
      FROM UserAccounts
     WHERE Id = @Id
 
    RETURN

3.    The UserAccounts_Insert procedure adds a record to the UserAccounts table.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[UserAccounts_Insert]
(
    @FirstName nvarchar(50),
    @LastName nvarchar(50),
    @AuditFields_InsertDate datetime,
    @AuditFields_UpdateDate datetime
)     
AS
    INSERT INTO UserAccounts (FirstName, LastName, AuditFields_InsertDate, 
                              AuditFields_UpdateDate)
    VALUES (@FirstName, @LastName, @AuditFields_InsertDate, 
            @AuditFields_UpdateDate)
 
    SELECT CAST(SCOPE_IDENTITY() AS INTAS Id

4.    The UserAccounts_Update procedure updates a record in the UserAccounts table.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[UserAccounts_Update]
(
    @Id int,
    @FirstName nvarchar(50),
    @LastName nvarchar(50),   
    @AuditFields_UpdateDate datetime
)     
AS
    SET NOCOUNT ON
 
    UPDATE UserAccounts
       SET FirstName = @FirstName,
           LastName = @LastName,
           AuditFields_UpdateDate = @AuditFields_UpdateDate
     WHERE Id = @Id
 
    RETURN

5.    The UserAccounts_Delete procedure deletes a record in the UserAccounts table given a specific Id.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[UserAccounts_Delete]
(
    @Id int 
)
      
AS
    SET NOCOUNT ON
 
    DELETE 
      FROM UserAccounts
     WHERE Id = @Id
 
    RETURN

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User Comments

Title: Where is the UserAccounts table diagram?   
Name: Fernando Linhares
Date: 2012-07-11 6:12:05 PM
Comment:
Hello,
Thanks for the article series.
Where is the UserAccounts table diagram picture?
Thanks,
Fernando
Title: without stored procedures   
Name: Junior
Date: 2012-06-06 2:21:42 PM
Comment:
how would this approach without stored procedures ?
Title: problem   
Name: zia
Date: 2012-05-22 9:33:03 AM
Comment:
Brother i cant see the pictures u given in the project
Title: Mr   
Name: Varun Maggo
Date: 2011-03-16 4:16:28 AM
Comment:
You rockmaan!
Title: Nice work!   
Name: janmeis
Date: 2011-03-02 11:52:40 AM
Comment:
Thanks Vince, I've created the project according the article and it works fine! There's one minor bug, the SCOPEIDENTITY returned by the UserAccounts_Insert procedure is mapped as decimal not int, so in the item 16 the procedure must be as follows "...you need to change the "Returns a Collection Of" to Scalars and choose decimal from the list." Then it can be casted to int in the "public static int Insert". Link with the uploaded project is attached.
Title: connectionstring problem   
Name: Mark
Date: 2010-12-25 7:59:09 AM
Comment:
I am getting server error on data source keyword.

Keyword not supported: 'data source'.

Exception Details: System.ArgumentException: Keyword not supported: 'data source'.
Title: Lnking to a data Object   
Name: Richard
Date: 2010-10-01 4:12:41 PM
Comment:
So far so good, but now I have this BLL how do I use it say in a datagrid?
Title: Where is the concurrency management???   
Name: Matt
Date: 2010-07-30 12:52:28 PM
Comment:
Where is the concurrency management code? If you load a user account from the database and five minutes later the person clicks the submit button how do you handle the issue where someone else already updated that record and you need to check for that???
Title: Why add the DAL and BLL as separate projects?   
Name: Alan
Date: 2010-07-12 12:16:59 PM
Comment:
Even assuming that this is a good way to structure your application (which seems to be a matter of debate judging by other people's comments), why did you do the DAL and BLL as separate projects? I don't see any benefit at all to this.

Given that this is a web site, why not just add the .cs files for the DAL and BLL to the App_Code folder? You would then have the objects you need to separate the layers, but you wouldn't have the extra mess of separate projects and DLLs.
Title: Not convincing   
Name: Kum
Date: 2010-05-09 11:27:07 AM
Comment:
Duplicate data model, one generated by entity framework in DL and another hand written in BL...
There should be a better way.
Title: Is it realy the way?   
Name: Kristian
Date: 2010-05-07 6:54:23 AM
Comment:
Though I loved article part 1 and 2, this seems like a bad approach, like Mant wrote. Why do another mapping?
Title: Good Work   
Name: Rajbharat
Date: 2010-05-07 6:40:38 AM
Comment:
Its good and simple to follow..thanks for ur good work
Title: Appreciate that!   
Name: Waldek
Date: 2010-05-06 5:57:10 AM
Comment:
Thanks a lot Vince! Based on your articles all kinds of web.CRUD applications can now be built with a little hassle!
Title: use IsNullOrWhiteSpace instead if .Trim() == ""   
Name: Binoj Antony
Date: 2010-05-06 5:14:00 AM
Comment:
Suggest that you improvise FirstName.Trim() == "" with
string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(FirstName).

Also the most of the else blocks that does just a return false , here you could eliminate the else and just write return false; (This last one is just an opinion)
Title: Bad Approach   
Name: Mant
Date: 2010-05-05 11:05:10 AM
Comment:
It seems what you have done is take the approach used in 1.1/2.0 with datasets then just swapped them with the Entity Framework completely missing the point of an ORM. I would suggest reading up on the Repository pattern, Unit of Work pattern, specification pattern and persistence ignorance. There are some great examples of using the framework out there, but just about everything in this one is a poor way of doing things.
Title: Great article!   
Name: Rich D.
Date: 2010-05-05 9:13:07 AM
Comment:
I loved the article. I was looking for some direction and ideas on how to create a BL. But, I thought the idea was to save much of the template hand coding by using t4 templates to generate POCO classes for the BL. The template for self-tracking entities looks promising for n-tier architectures.
Title: ASP.NET 4.0 and the Entity Framework 4 - Part 4 - A 3 Layered Approach to the Entity Framework   
Name: Ray
Date: 2010-05-05 3:16:16 AM
Comment:
Thanks Vince for a very helpful article.......
Title: ASP.NET 4.0 and the Entity Framework 4 - Part 4 - A 3 Layered Approach to the Entity Framework   
Name: tvs
Date: 2010-05-04 9:35:39 PM
Comment:
a very good article... well done vince...

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