SSIS provides the following built-in transformations:
Conditional Split transformation
Union-All, Merge, and Merge Join transformations
Fuzzy Grouping transformation
Lookup and Fuzzy Lookup transformations
Percentage Sampling and Row Sampling transformations
Copy/Map, Data Conversion, and Derived Column transformations
Data Mining Model Training, Data Mining Query, Partition
Processing, and Dimension Processing transformations
Pivot and UnPivot transformations
For this example I am importing sample customer contact
information from a flat file into the "charlestest" database on a SQL
To create a new Integration Services
package to extract data from a flat file:
Choose Start > All Programs > Microsoft
SQL Server 2005 > SQL Server Business Intelligence Development Studio.
On the File menu, choose New > Project to create a new Integration Services
In the New Project dialog box, select Integration Services Project.
In the Name box, change the default name
to Importing Flat Text File.
An empty package called Package.dtsx
will be created and added to your project. We can rename this package in the Solution Explorer toolbar; right-click on Package.dtsx
and click Rename. Then rename the default package to importingcustomerdata.dtsx.
Next, we must add a Flat File connection manager to the
package that we just created. A Flat File connection manager allows a package
to extract data from a flat file.
To add a Flat File connection manager:
1. Right-click anywhere in the Connection
Managers area and then click New Flat File
2. On the Flat File Connection Manager
Editor screen, for Connection manager name, type
Extract Customer Info.
3. Click Browse.
4. In the Open dialog box, browse to
the flat text file you intend to extract data from.
5. To rename columns in the Flat File connection manager,
click Advanced, and in the property pane change the
"Name" property for each column.
Next, we need to add an OLE DB Connection Manager to connect
to the destination database. An OLE DB Connection Manager allows a package to
extract data from or upload data into any OLE DB data source (SQL Database for
our purposes). Using the OLE DB Connection Manager, you can specify the
server, the authentication method and the default database for the connection.
To add and configure an OLE DB Connection
1. Right-click in the Connection Managers
area and then click New OLE DB Connection.
2. On the Configure OLE DB Connection
Manager screen, click New.
3. For Server name, enter SQL05-1.orcsweb.com (or the appropriate server name).
4. In the Log on to the server group,
verify that Use SQL Sever Authentication is selected
and enter the appropriate username and password.
5. In the Connect to a database group,
choose Select or enter a database name box, and then
6. Choose Test Connection to verify
that the connection settings you have specified are valid.
7. Click OK.
8. Click OK.
9. In the Data Connections pane of
the Server Explorer Configure OLE DB Connection Manager
screen, verify that sql05-1.orcsweb.com.charlestest is selected.
10. Click OK.
You can also specify "localhost" as the server
name and the connection manager will connect to the default instance of local
Now that we have created the connection managers for the
source and destination data, we now need to add a Data Flow task to our package.
The Data Flow task encapsulates the data flow engine that moves data between
sources and destinations, and provides the functionality for transforming,
cleaning, and modifying data as it is moved. The Data Flow task is where most
of the work of an extract, transform and load (ETL) process actually occurs.
To add a Data Flow task:
1. Click the Control Flow tab.
2. In the Toolbox, expand Control Flow
Items and drag a Data Flow Task onto the design
surface of the Control Flow tab.
3. On the Control Flow design
surface, right-click the newly added Data Flow Task,
click Rename, and change the name to Export
Next, you will add and configure a Flat File source for your
package. A Flat File source is a data flow component that uses metadata
defined by a Flat File connection manager to specify the format and structure
of the data to be extracted from the flat file by a transform process. The
Flat File source can be configured to extract data from a single flat file by
using the file format definition provided by the Flat File connection manager.
To add a Flat File Source component:
1. Click on the Data flow tab.
In the Toolbox, expand Data Flow
Sources, and then drag a Flat File Source onto
the design surface of the Data Flow tab.
2. On the Data Flow design surface,
right-click the newly added Flat File Source, click Rename, and change the name to Customer Info*.
3. Double-click the Flat File source
to open the Flat File Source Editor box.
4. In the Flat file connection manager
box, select Importing Customer Info.
5. Click Columns and verify that the
names of the columns are correct.
6. Click OK.
*Alternatively, if the data source file has a header row, it
will automatically name the columns for you with the proper names from the
This package now can extract data from the flat file source
and transform that data into a format that is compatible with the destination.
The next task is to actually load the transformed data into the destination. To
load the data, we must add an OLE DB destination to the data flow. The OLE DB
destination can use a database table, view, or an SQL command to load data into
a variety of OLE DB-compliant databases.
To add and configure the OLE DB
1. Double-click on OLE DB Destination under
DataFlow Destinations in the Toolbox on the
right. Then Drag the green arrow from the Flat file source to the OLE DB
Destination as shown below:
2. Then double-click on the OLE DB
Destination and in the OLE DB Destination Editor
box ensure that sql05-1.orcsweb.com is selected in the OLE DB Connection manager box.
3. In the Name of the table or the view
box select the name of the table that you are importing the data into.
4. Click Mappings.
5. Verify that the input columns are mapped correctly to the
6. Click OK.
Your package is now complete and should look something like
It is time to test your package.
To run this package:
1. Click on the Debug menu and click
2. After the package has completed running, on the Debug menu click Stop Debugging.
3. The data in your flat text file has now been imported. Celebrate!
References provided by www.microsoft.com