Background Processing SAP R/3 System
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by Arindam Ghosh
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Background Scheduling

To have an idea about the background scheduling let us take an example of a long report. Suppose we execute this report in interactive mode, it takes several minutes and during time the SAP System is blocked for any further input. As a result, you will not be able to interact with SAP sessions anymore.

However, when you run the report non-interactively, you can interact with the SAP sessions while processing the report in the background. For executing jobs in non-interactive mode, schedule the job for background processing. To create a background processing job you should specify:

·         The name of the report

·         The name of any variant it needs

·         What to do with output

·         When to start it

After this, the SAP system does not require user’s intervention and can proceed with the job even without you. It executes the report and prints the output using printer or output controller. While scheduling a job in background process, three parameters should be specified. These parameters are:

·         Definition of programs

·         Its start time

·         The printing specification for getting the prints as required

After this, you can check whether your job was executed successfully and display a log of any system messages.

For scheduling background processing, you have to direct the system to process an ABAP/4 or external program in the background. This is a two-step process:

·         Scheduling the program

·         Releasing the job

This needs to have a special authorization for releasing and scheduling the job. Generally, the system administrator, who organizes and monitors background processing, supervises the release of these jobs. Many users are also authorized to schedule background processing of reports. You cannot schedule a job unless and until you have a release authorization. If a user is authorized and has specified a start date or selected "start immediately," he or she can release the job.

Authorized users can change start time. A program can be scheduled as a separate job or you can append it to an existing job, which has not yet been processed. Background process can be run while doing some other online work. However, this can adversely affect online operation and should be avoided. For example, if you run a program that locks the database, the work of online users will be hampered or stopped. Often, long-running reports are scheduled automatically or semi-automatically for background processing.

First Step

Initiate the job scheduling function. Standard job scheduling must be used in case of scheduling of an external command or external program as a background job and ABAP job­ scheduling function can be used to schedule ABAP programs. For starting a standard job scheduling function choose the following:

Administration menu bar option à CCMS option à Jobs option à Definition option.

For starting ABAP job scheduling function, navigate to ABAP Editor and choose Program menu bar option àExecute option à Background option.

Second Step

Now define a job. Using the Job Wizard you can define your job. From the Application toolbar, choose the wizard button. After this, the initial screen of the SAP Job Wizard appears. The Job Wizard is available only from the standard job scheduling function.

Third Step

Now, you have to save the job. When it displays the message "Job saved" it means the job has been successfully scheduled. We know that a job must be released before it is scheduled. Only authorized users can release the job, otherwise your system administrator will release your job.

Fourth Step

This is the last step of scheduling. In this step you have to check the status of your job. For this you need to choose System menu bar option à Own jobs option.

In SAP System, the background processing runs according to your instructions. In case a list is generated by the report, the report either prints directly or waits for you in the SAP output controller. The status of background processing can be checked for its correctness.


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User Comments

Title: Background Processing SAP R/3 System   
Name: H Drexler
Date: 2012-11-08 6:16:29 PM
Comment:
Can you describe how to send output from a scheduled report/job to a Sharepoint site? Thank you!
hdrexler@gmail.com
Title: best online jobs website for SAP BATCH JOBS   
Name: SUDHEER
Date: 2010-08-04 11:08:06 AM
Comment:
THE best online jobs search engine website for SAP Batch jobs is one which gets jobs directly from employers website and other job boards.they get jobs from reputed companies and not advertised often.They have updated latest jobs than other jobs websites.visit and apply only at

http://www.hound.com/q-batch-category-SAP-jobs.html
Title: Consultant   
Name: Yolande
Date: 2009-01-16 9:47:19 AM
Comment:
Thanks, the article is great as I have used this method many many times over the years. The problem I have is that my system freezes (Not responding) between my selection criteria and the next screen,the print parameters. Please, please do you have any suggestions?
Title: trainee   
Name: meera
Date: 2008-11-11 8:26:06 AM
Comment:
The information provided is descriptive.
Thanx a lot
Title: trainee   
Name: sanjeev
Date: 2008-05-20 2:36:17 PM
Comment:
thanks for the info.
I have created a sysyem user but i can not log on my r/3 sandbox system with it.
can someone help?
thanks
Title: Trainee   
Name: Belinda
Date: 2008-05-08 5:52:23 PM
Comment:
Thanks for providing basic informaiton in a very readable format. Often, the information I find on SAP funcationality is so technical it is un-helpful. Your article provided a nice balance of summary and detail - and gave me exactly the information I needed!
Title: Trainee   
Name: Suchandra Bose
Date: 2008-02-12 12:27:37 AM
Comment:
Your Informations corresponding to jobs help a lot.
Thank you.
Title: trainee consultant   
Name: prashanth
Date: 2008-01-23 6:09:22 AM
Comment:
it is very good . thanks alot to provide the information
Title: trainee consultant   
Name: Tesh
Date: 2007-03-29 3:07:56 AM
Comment:
thanks a lot for the information,it helped a lot.as a trainee consultant it made things clearer for me
Title: Consultant   
Name: subin
Date: 2007-03-26 8:37:08 AM
Comment:
It was too good for a consultany of any level..!

Thank you thanks a lot....!

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