ASP.NET on Linux? (Part 1)
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by William Wise
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Compatibility - A Few Missing Pieces

Of the various .NET namespaces that often crop up during ASP.NET development most are very well supported considering Mono has not yet reached the 1.0 milestone.  The chart below (Figure 1) will give you a good idea of where Mono’s porting efforts currently stand in regard to several namespaces typically associated with ASP.NET development. If you want to keep tabs on the development of any particular namespace you should head over to Mono’s web-site and check out their Class Status Page at For a broad view of Mono’s release schedule take a look at their roadmap page at



Percent Complete









As the table above indicates, the ADO.NET namespace is about 90% complete. Moreover, Mono provides reasonably functional SQL Server drivers and work to improve them continues at a pretty fast clip. The biggest problem Windows developers are likely to face, however, is that any hosting company unwilling to spring for a Windows server license is not likely to provide you with access to Microsoft SQL Server either.  Instead, you will most likely be given access to either MySQL or PostgreSQL. The former, MySQL, is generally more popular in the Linux world because of its simplicity and reputation for fast SELECT queries which makes it ideal for serving dynamic web content.  PostgreSQL is no slouch either and has features which make it a much better match with SQL server from the standpoint of the developer but, alas, at the cost of additional complexity.


Now for that bit of bad news I mentioned.  Although Mono’s implementation of ASP.NET is fairly complete, one functional area closely related to ASP.NET is not very far along in development; namely, the System.EnterpriseServices namespace.  The EnterpriseServices namespace essentially wraps underlying Windows operating system services to provide support within .NET for transactions, message queuing, and other enterprise services.  The problem is that to implement these same services Mono will have to provide either native .NET implementations or wrap similar services that are available on the Linux platform.  In either case, compatibility will likely be an issue so you’ll probably want to avoid this namespace for some time to come. 


Since Mono is by definition attempting to reverse engineer and re-implement Microsoft’s released implementation and specifications it stands to reason that they will always be one step behind the latest Microsoft release.  In addition, given the differences between the Windows and Linux platforms it is quite likely that Mono will offer additional APIs to offer full coverage on their platform of choice.

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User Comments

Title: Crime   
Name: Akhil Vijayan
Date: 2011-08-16 2:55:34 AM
Does Microsoft allow such a project as MOno. Isnt this project breach of intellectual property Rights. Any way Microsoft would not be pleased with people using in Linux.
Title: Excellent!   
Name: Mark Carson
Date: 2011-04-11 6:50:21 AM
There are hundreds of applications designed and developed for PHP and Apache. The majority of these are open-source and more importantly; 'useful'. Apache, MySQL and PHP can be installed and executed quite well on a Windows platform; free of licensing charges...
When this article was written, it was 'fantastic' to believe that the reverse was possible; .NET applications designed and developed for Windows could be installed and used on Linux technologies.
Even now, years on; this article provides some hope that .NET technologies can be fully supported on a 'low-cost' environment with the choices of database, file-system and web technologies that there should be...
Title: Dr   
Name: ASP
Date: 2011-03-07 7:17:49 AM
Sounds fantastic and would be grate to use with C#
Title: / MYSQL   
Name: Haneez Haroon
Date: 2011-02-02 1:03:15 PM
Most of the web hosting providers support now without MSSQL support.

Thanks for the information. Useful stuff.
Title: .net is run in linux   
Name: udit trivedi
Date: 2010-10-20 6:58:33 AM
it is possible or not i think that's possible because .net is software and is install in different environment
Title: Important Info   
Name: Seraju Rahman
Date: 2010-09-05 3:37:04 PM
It is nice information.But i am not 100% satisfied.
Give us clear Answer.?
Title: info   
Name: pankaj
Date: 2010-02-13 3:34:42 AM
can we run programes on linux servers?if yes,then which all facilities will not be available?
Title: Nice info   
Name: Aditya G. Jadhav
Date: 2009-12-23 2:05:37 AM

got nice information here but not enough. what about redhat linux, i mean there is no packages for RedHat as well as fedora is any migration. plzz give me solution if u so.

with warm regard
J. Aditya
Title: thanks   
Name: debanjan sengupta
Date: 2009-07-21 1:34:53 AM
i cannot install xsp on my fedora 9 system.i have already installed mono 2.4.2 and monodoc 2.0 but an error message is coming while installing xsp that "you need to install either mono 2.0 orc higher or .net sdk".what should i do?????
Title: Thank you   
Name: Okari
Date: 2009-05-31 2:43:22 PM
Thanks a lot... I'm a new graduate from university trying to set up a webserver for a small business, I studied mainly and started worrying cause the introductory classes clearly started that belongs to that other OS makers...

Thanks a lot
Title: What web server??   
Name: Anthony Estrada
Date: 2009-04-29 11:29:26 PM
What web server for i have develop ang application in mono but im wondering how could i implement it.
Title: Positioning of Mono   
Name: David Maeder
Date: 2009-04-23 3:49:05 AM
Excellent introduction to Mono, giving an independent warts and all view of this project.
Title: Game Dev   
Name: GasDeveloper
Date: 2009-03-03 2:15:10 PM
Does Mono have any support for 3D Graphic libraries, Or is it able to use any Libraries that support .NET. And can mono be used for GUI Applications?
Title: Mono   
Name: edcon
Date: 2008-08-06 2:58:59 PM
do you think mono supports Ajax, Silverlight and MS SQL database? Not sure if I'm asking a right question.
Title: Great Idea   
Name: metalisa
Date: 2008-07-24 9:00:16 AM
it will be a great feature to be able to run asp/net applications on linux
Title: Thanks   
Name: Jagadish
Date: 2008-07-14 11:24:24 AM
Thanks it is a good article.
Title: Crystal Reports on Ubuntu   
Name: Zahid Khan kakar
Date: 2008-06-13 6:54:23 AM
Please also tell me about Crystal reports with mono. Thanks
Title: Thakur   
Name: Pankaj Kr.
Date: 2008-05-19 8:25:42 AM
The article was of great interest to the developers like us who has the expertise of developing an application in .Net and wish to port the same across different platform.

Do continue to write similar articles but also test some .Net application on Mono. Because there is still some ????????s on the compatibility of the two.

Pankaj Kr. Thakur
Chief Executive
Renuka Associates Pvt. Ltd.
New Delhi, India.
Title: VB hosting on Linux (Ubuntu)   
Name: busnetdown
Date: 2008-05-13 10:06:47 AM
There is a good tutorial at about setting up your Ubuntu server to host applications. Also information about Vb pages.
Title: Nice   
Name: Marvin
Date: 2008-04-24 3:45:12 AM
Nice one on MONO . I just hope it will live up to its promises . I love open source and linux but in my job i use .Net so MONO is a great welcome.
Title: hi   
Name: pampa
Date: 2007-06-08 2:38:22 AM
Now that you understand that Mono’s implementation of .NET is still a work-in-progress it’s important to reflect on how much has been accomplished by the talented programmers contributing to this effort. A good example of the progress Mono has made toward providing a viable cross platform ASP.NET implementation is found in the fact that a number of Microsoft’s sample applications including IBuySpy work unmodified on Mono. As for performance, although Microsoft’s C# compiler generates more performant code is currently more performant than that produced by mono’s C# compiler the gap is closing rapidly. In addition, Mono’s support for Visual Basic.NET is shaping up quite nicely.
Title: Hosting providers   
Name: Eric Windisch
Date: 2007-03-24 6:24:32 PM
The provider that is listed there has gone out of business. However, there are other providers now. At least one of which has been in business for over 5 years...

For the latest list of providers supporting Mono:
Title: I loved this one   
Name: Rahul
Date: 2006-09-18 5:30:47 AM
praveen , I do not agree , There are so many indian companies that use dotnet may be willing to switch to *nix . Mono will be a blessing .
Title: how long will it survive   
Name: praveen
Date: 2006-08-27 11:53:46 PM
well, here in india, java runs in large, so i dont think so it wud survive in future with this new tech...!...?
Title: Really Nice information   
Name: Vijay Kumar Mateti
Date: 2006-07-20 11:45:34 AM
You really saved me. I'm a GNU supporter, I fell in love with linux but most of my work is on .NET platform so i'm forced to work on this environment. This article really cleared the clouds regarding implimentation of mono on linux. Expecting more Technical article on mono....
Title: MONO   
Name: Sarvesh Dhiman
Date: 2006-04-05 2:24:11 AM
The article about mono is too good. But is it possible to port ASP.Net application or windiw application on Unix platform using Mono. If it is possible then will it be great sucess then we possible to use COM Components on Unix Platform. and will run all aplication on linux
Title: Niks   
Name: Niks
Date: 2005-08-29 2:04:50 AM
The article is too cool. But is it possible to port ASP.Net application on Unix platform using Mono. If it is possible then will it be possible to use COM Components (Like Excel Workesheet, Excel Chart Objects, VB DLLs, etc.) on Unix Platform?

waiting for your reply. U can mail me at

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